Hemp vs Marijuana has always been a hot topic. People think hemp and marijuana are two different plants… when in fact it is not the case. Hemp and Marijuana both belong to the same Cannabis plant, they are just two different species. In fact, science does not differentiate between hemp and marijuana, but the law does. The difference between the two plants is the content of tetrahydrocannabinol, commonly known as THC. THC is one of the many cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, it is associated with the ”high” – the psychoactive substance from the cannabis plant. So this is mainly what we call marijuana – the THC – gets you high plant. Hemp has a very low THC level.
WHAT IS HEMP?
Hemp – is the term we use to call the cannabis plant that contains 0,2 THC or less by dry weight. Why 0,2 percent?
This definition was first proposed in 1979, in a book called “The Species Problem in Cannabis: Science & Semantics.” In the book, author Ernest Small addresses the fact that it’s difficult to distinguish hemp and cannabis because there’s no actual taxonomical difference between the two.
Small proposed the 0.3 percent rule as a possible solution, but he himself acknowledged that it’s an arbitrary number.
This number was used in the legal definition of hemp, as specified in the Agricultural Act of 2018 and other laws in the United States. Because the THC level in hemp is so low, it’s unlikely to get you high.
WHAT IS MARIJUANA?
Usually, when people say “marijuana,” they’re talking about cannabis that can get you high. The term is used interchangeably with “weed” and several other terms. It is pop culture that has given the plant so many terms.
Legally, “marijuana” refers to cannabis that has more than 0.3 percent THC by dry weight. THC content can vary among cannabis plants. Some strains are bred to be higher in THC than others.
Cannabis plants have been designated as Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, or a hybrid. Each of these has its own purported characteristics and effects, although science has yet to verify this.